Alhamdulillah was-salatu was-salaamu 'ala rasoolillah. All thanks and praise is to ALLAH, Subhanahu wa ta'ala, and we ask that HIS blessings and peace be upon HIS Messenger, Muhammad, salla ALLAHu alaihi wa sallam.
The 1994 Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) defines ìdietary supplementî as a product that may include vitamins, minerals, herbs, other botanicals, amino acids, enzymes, organ tissues, glandulars and metabolites. They may be in the form of tablets, capsules, softgels, gelcaps, liquids or powders. The act considers dietary supplements to be foods, not drugs. They must be labeled as dietary supplements. If the ingredient was not sold in the US before October 15, 1994, then it is considered to be a ìnew dietary supplementî.
Prior to October 1994, dietary supplements were subject to the same regulations as foods. Under the DSHEA a new regulatory framework was created. Companies are responsible for determining that the dietary supplements they manufacture or distribute are safe. Any claims attributed to the supplements must be substantiated by sufficient evidence. Under the act, dietary supplements do not need FDA approval before being marketed. In fact, the company does not even have to provide the FDA with the evidence that substantiates the safety of the product before or after it is marketed. However, if the product contains a new dietary ingredient, it does require a pre-market review for safety. Since there is no official list of dietary supplements marketed before October 1994, manufacturers and distributors are responsible for determining if a dietary supplement is new or not.
Dietary supplements must contain labeling which includes the descriptive name, a statement that the product is a supplement, the name and address of the manufacturer, packer or distributor, a complete list of the ingredients, the net contents of the product and a nutrition label identifying each dietary ingredient in the product. This is normally in the form of a Supplement Facts panel. All ingredients must be listed in the Supplement Facts panel or in the other ingredient statement beneath the panel.
Again, the safety of the dietary supplement is the responsibility of the manufacturer or distributor. The FDA has no responsibility for supplement safety. In fact, the FDA must prove a supplement is unsafe in order to restrict the productís use or remove it from the marketplace. Companies do not need to forward any reports on injuries or illnesses related to their products to the FDA. The FDA does have oversight responsibility for dietary supplements and they try to determine if products are unsafe using various methods including consumer complaints, information on the Internet and information provided by the manufacturers.
Dietary supplements may not claim to be a treatment prevention or cure for any disease or condition. They can make health claims, structure/function claims and nutrient content claims. If they make structure/function claims, they must include a disclaimer indicating the FDA has not evaluated the claim statement.
If a consumer believes he has suffered a harmful effect from a dietary supplement, they should contact their health care provider or the FDA directly. The health care provider may also contact the FDA.
Extracted from the US FDA, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, January 3, 2001.
Halal Food Conference 2003 is coming to the Palmer House Hilton in Chicago, Illinois, USA on July 11, 2003. The Theme of the conference will be THE IMPORTANCE OF HALAL CERTIFICATION. Click here for more information or a registration form.
The state of Maine, in the Northeastern US, is considering a $0.24-0.32 cent per gallon tax on milk to support dairy farmers who are suffering from low prices due to overproduction by Western dairy farmers. However, the tax does not have the support of Governer John Baldacci wwho prefers non-tax aid. (Reported by the Portland Press Herald.)
National Institute of Standards and Technology scientists have developed an innovative way to mix gas into liquids, a normally difficult process in the food industry. The new innovation involves a magnetically coupled entraining rotor mixer, which can mix gases into liquids in seconds rather than hours. (Reported by www.spacedaily.com.)
Mangos originated in Southeast Asia over 4,000 years ago. Since then, they have spread to other areas of the tropics. Mango trees begin to bear fruit in about 6 years and can grow to 60 feet tall. They require hot, dry periods to set and produce a good crop. In the United States, mangos come from Mexico, Haiti, the Caribbean and South America.
Mangos are rich in Vitamins A and C and beta carotene, minerals such as potassium and antioxidants. They also contain an enzyme that acts as a digestive aid and they are a good source of fiber. The enzyme which aids digestion makes mangos a good tenderizing agent. Mangos are low in calories and fat.
Mangos are ripe when they are slightly soft to the touch, just like peaches. When properly stored, a mango can be maintained for up to 2 weeks. If not ripe enough, the best way to ripen a mango is to store it at room temperature. Ripe mangos can be refrigerated to slow spoilage, but they should be eaten in a few days.