Previous Halal Digests
A Quick Glance At Antioxidants

ISSN 1533-3361
In This Issue
Exhausted By Early Afternoon? Food News A Quick Glance At Antioxidants

Alhamdulillah was-salatu was-salaamu 'ala rasoolillah. All thanks and praise is to ALLAH, Subhanahu wa ta'ala, and we ask that HIS blessings and peace be upon HIS Messenger, Muhammad, salla ALLAHu alaihi wa sallam.
Many people feel spent by early afternoon. This may be caused by a need to refuel with a light snack, stress, not enough rest or a need for more fluids. Frequently we turn to a snack as the answer to this feeling. For the best results, we should examine the cause and select an appropriate remedy.

If hunger is the cause, then a snack or light meal is the appropriate response. But before you grab a candy bar or bag of potato chips, perhaps you should consider piece of fruit, some juice, some yogurt or a small sandwich. Indiscriminate snacking can lead to weight gain that will be more difficult to control later. For a longer-term solution, perhaps a change in lunch selections should be made. Meals containing protein and dietary fiber satisfy hunger longer, so while a simple salad may help control weight, it won't help much if you need to snack later in the day. Consider having some lean meat or fish or some nuts or beans with your salad. Also consider some fruit or high fiber vegetables.

Sometimes a lack of energy is due to insufficient fluid intake. Try drinking more water throughout the day and cut down on coffee and tea. Perhaps a glass of milk or juice in the morning and frequent glasses of water throughout the day.

It may be that you are just plain tired. Lack of sleep or over strenuous work can cause a let down in the afternoon. Be sure to get 6-8 hours of sleep a night. Perhaps a short nap at lunch time may be the answer. Sometimes 15 minutes is all it takes to perk you up.

Stress may also cause you to feel run down. Take a break from the routine and stretch or take a walk around the office to break the routine. If you sit at a desk all day or on a computer, you will want to stretch and flex your fingers to relive the stress.

So before you turn to that cookie or candy bar, consider why you feel tired and incorporate the proper corrective methods to solve the problem. And if you want that cookie anyway, eat it because you want to, not because you think you need to!
(Extracted from an article by By Karen Collins, R.D., written on on August 10, 2001.)

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Tyson Foods, Inc. has purchased IBP, Inc. after all.
IFANCA has been invited to participate in Halal Foods Conference & Exhibition in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia from September 24-27. The Conference is sponsored by the Saudi Economic Development Center and the Saudi Arabian Standards Organization. For more information on the Conference, go to
Research indicates garlic can help stave off stomach and colon cancer. It is best to use chopped or crushed fresh garlic and within limits. Additional evidence suggests garlic reduces blood cholesterol. (Reported in, June 10, 2001. Contributed by Karen Collins, R.D.)
It appears soy milk has not grabbed the fancy of consumers yet. Despite the health benefits, many consumers do not like the taste, so they are not coming back. Flavor is the driving force to consumer food purchases. (Reported in www. on August 28, 2001.)
On August 13, 2001, the US Food & Drug Administration (FDA) held an open meeting on labeling food allergens. The FDA wanted to solicit input from the public as it deliberates on new rules for labeling food allergens. If you missed the meeting, you may submit comments until October 29, 2001 by e-mail at, on the web at or by mail to Dockets Management Branch (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, Room 1061, Rockville, MD 20852. Refer to Docket No. 00P-1322.

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Antioxidants are chemicals or substances which prevent or slow down the breakdown of other substances. As the body metabolizes food, it forms substances called free radicals. Free radicals are unstable substances which stabilize themselves by reacting with other substances. If this secquence is not stopped, it will lead to a chain reaction, which can disrupt living cells.

To prevent this chain reaction, the body produces antioxidants. Antioxidants react with the free radicals and stabilize them while at the same time remaining stable themselves. As the body ages, or when it is afflicted with illness or disease, it may become unable to produce sufficient antioxidants. This may lead to cell damage. By eating foods which contain antioxidants or which contain substances that can be converted by the body to antioxidants, we can assist our body to remain healthy.

Among the antioxidants are Vitamin A/Beta Carotene, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, and Selenium.

Vitamin A/Beta Carotene is needed for bone development, vision, reproduction and healthy skin. The body converts the nutrient beta carotene into vitamin A. Vitamin A can be found in liver, dairy products, eggs and fish liver oil while beta carotene can be found in dark red, green and yellow vegetables. Deficiencies of Vitamin A may lead to skin and eye problems.

Vitamin C is needed for collagen production for bone, cartilage, tendons and ligaments; and may boost the immune system. It can be found in many fruits, bell peppers, broccoli, sweet potatoes, and many leafy vegetables. Deficiencies of Vitamin C can lead to scurvy and sluggishness.

Vitamin E prevents cell membrane damage. It can be found in wheat-germ oil, soybeans, nuts, seeds, sweet potatoes.

Selenium is a essential mineral for normal functioning of the immune system and thyroid gland. It can be found in vegetables and grains grown in areas whose soil contains selenium, such as the American Midwest. Deficiencies may lead to thyroid and heart problems.

While supplements are available for all these antioxidants, excesses can lead to other problems. It is best to eat a balanced diet, with foods from all of the food groups.

(Extracted from information in The, August 7, 2001 and

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